The IRS is shoring up its security measures on numerous fronts, including the process required to apply for an Employee Identification Number (EIN). Nine-digit EINs are typically assigned to corporations, partnerships, employee retirement plans, sole proprietors, estates and other entities for tax filing and reporting. In the past, these entities could list another entity and its EIN as the responsible party.
As of May 13, 2019, only those individuals with a Social Security number or an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) may be listed as the responsible party on the EIN application. The “responsible officer” requirement prohibits entities from using their own EINs for a second entity.
The new requirement applies to both the paper Form SS-4, Application for Employer Identification Number (PDF) and the online EIN application. International applicants who meet the new definition may apply for an immediate EIN by phone, by fax or by mail but not by email.
The instructions provide a detailed explanation of who should be the responsible party for various types of entities. Generally, the responsible party for an entity is the person who owns or controls the entity, or who exercises effective control over the entity. If more than one person meets that definition, the entity may decide which individual should be the responsible party.
If there are changes to the responsible party, the entity can change the responsible official designation by completing Form 8822-B, Change of Address or Responsible Party. Form 8822-B must be filed within 60 days of a change. The IRS will limit issuance of an EIN to one EIN per responsible person per day.
Note: Government entities and the military are exempt from the “responsible person” requirement. However, there is also no change in the rules for tax professionals who are third-party designees and apply for EINs for their clients.
The IRS will enforce the new requirement to prevent the misuse of EIN applications and the practice of naming individuals who do not meet the new responsible party criteria.